# projection_dual.py¶

An implementation of the projection for the dual mimetic spaces. The projection can be divided into two processes, reduction and reconstruction.

The reduction process will use the given scalar or vector to obtain the coefficients of its projection in the discrete space.

The reconstruction process assembles the coefficients with the correct basis functions and leads to evaluable function.

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class projection_dual.ReconstructionDual(bf, ct)[source]

Reconstruction functions for spaces , , and .

Example:

>>> from numpy import sin, cos, pi
>>> from coordinate_transformation import CoordinateTransformation
>>> from coordinate_transformation import Phi, d_Phi
>>> from mimetic_basis_polynomials import MimeticBasisPolynomials
>>> ct = CoordinateTransformation(Phi, d_Phi)
>>> bf = MimeticBasisPolynomials('Lobatto-3', 'Lobatto-3', 'Lobatto-3')
>>> def pressure(x,y,z):
...     return sin(np.pi*x) * sin(pi*y) * sin(pi*z)
>>> def velocity_x(x,y,z):
...     return pi * cos(pi*x) * sin(pi*y) * sin(pi*z)
>>> def velocity_y(x,y,z):
...     return pi * sin(pi*x) * cos(pi*y) * sin(pi*z)
>>> def velocity_z(x,y,z):
...     return pi * sin(pi*x) * sin(pi*y) * cos(pi*z)
>>> def source(x,y,z):
...     return -3 * pi**2 * sin(np.pi*x) * sin(pi*y) * sin(pi*z)
>>> rd = Reduction(bf, ct)
>>> dofs_N = rd.NP(pressure)
>>> dofs_E = rd.EP((velocity_x, velocity_y, velocity_z))
>>> dofs_F = rd.FP((velocity_x, velocity_y, velocity_z))
>>> dofs_V = rd.VP(source)
>>> rdd = ReductionDual(bf, ct)
>>> d_dofs_N = rdd.NP(pressure)
>>> d_dofs_E = rdd.EP((velocity_x, velocity_y, velocity_z))
>>> d_dofs_F = rdd.FP((velocity_x, velocity_y, velocity_z))
>>> d_dofs_V = rdd.VP(source)

>>> xi = np.linspace(-1, 1, 50)
>>> et = np.linspace(-1, 1, 50)
>>> sg = np.linspace(-1, 1, 50)

>>> rc = Reconstruction(bf, ct)
>>> xyz_p, p = rc.NP(dofs_N, xi, et, sg)
>>> xyz_w, w = rc.EP(dofs_E, xi, et, sg)
>>> xyz_u, u = rc.FP(dofs_F, xi, et, sg)
>>> xyz_f, f = rc.VP(dofs_V, xi, et, sg)

>>> rcd = ReconstructionDual(bf, ct)
>>> XYZ_p, P = rcd.NP(d_dofs_N, xi, et, sg)
>>> XYZ_w, W = rcd.EP(d_dofs_E, xi, et, sg)
>>> XYZ_u, U = rcd.FP(d_dofs_F, xi, et, sg)
>>> XYZ_f, F = rcd.VP(d_dofs_V, xi, et, sg)

>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(p, P)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(w, W)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(w, W)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(w, W)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(u, U)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(u, U)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(u, U)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(f, F)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(xyz_p, XYZ_f)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(XYZ_w, xyz_u)
>>> np.testing.assert_array_almost_equal(XYZ_f, XYZ_u)

EP(loc_dofs, xi, et, sg, ravel=False)[source]

Reconstruct a vector of edge polynomials evaluated at .

Parameters:
• loc_dofs (np.array) – A 1d np.array containing the coefficients of the discrete vector in .

• xi (1d np.array) – .

• et (1d np.array) – .

• sg (1d np.array) – . The reconstructed vector will be evaluated at .

• ravel – (default: False) If ravel is True, we will flat the outputs (as a 1d array) according to local numbering. Otherwise, you get 3d outputs corresponding to the indexing.

Returns:

A tuple of two outputs:

• : The reconstructed scalar is evaluated at .

• : Three components of the reconstructed

vector evaluated at .

FP(loc_dofs, xi, et, sg, ravel=False)[source]

Reconstruct a vector of face polynomials evaluated at .

Parameters:
• loc_dofs (np.array) – A 1d np.array containing the coefficients of the discrete vector in .

• xi (1d np.array) – .

• et (1d np.array) – .

• sg (1d np.array) – . The reconstructed vector will be evaluated at .

• ravel – (default: False) If ravel is True, we will flat the outputs (as a 1d array) according to local numbering. Otherwise, you get 3d outputs corresponding to the indexing.

Returns:

A tuple of two outputs:

• : The reconstructed scalar is evaluated at .

• : Three components of the reconstructed

vector evaluated at .

NP(loc_dofs, xi, et, sg, ravel=False)[source]

Reconstruct a node polynomial evaluated at .

Parameters:
• loc_dofs (np.array) – A 1d np.array containing the coefficients of the discrete scalar in .

• xi (1d np.array) – .

• et (1d np.array) – .

• sg (1d np.array) – . The reconstructed scalar will be evaluated at .

• ravel – (default: False) If ravel is True, we will flat the outputs (as a 1d array) according to local numbering. Otherwise, you get 3d outputs corresponding to the indexing.

Returns:

A tuple of two outputs:

• : The reconstructed scalar is evaluated at .

• values: The values of the reconstructed scalar evaluated

at .

VP(loc_dofs, xi, et, sg, ravel=False)[source]

Reconstruct a volume polynomial evaluated at .

Parameters:
• loc_dofs (np.array) – A 1d np.array containing the coefficients of the discrete scala in .

• xi (1d np.array) – .

• et (1d np.array) – .

• sg (1d np.array) – . The reconstructed scalar will be evaluated at .

• ravel – (default: False) If ravel is True, we will flat the outputs (as a 1d array) according to local numbering. Otherwise, you get 3d outputs corresponding to the indexing.

Returns:

A tuple of two outputs:

• : The reconstructed scalar is evaluated at .

• values: The values of the reconstructed scalar evaluated

at .

The reduction for spaces , , and .

Example:

>>> from numpy import sin, cos, pi
>>> from coordinate_transformation import CoordinateTransformation
>>> from coordinate_transformation import Phi, d_Phi
>>> from mimetic_basis_polynomials import MimeticBasisPolynomials
>>> ct = CoordinateTransformation(Phi, d_Phi)
>>> bf = MimeticBasisPolynomials('Lobatto-3', 'Lobatto-3', 'Lobatto-3')
>>> rdd = ReductionDual(bf, ct)
>>> def pressure(x,y,z):
...     return sin(np.pi*x) * sin(pi*y) * sin(pi*z)
>>> def velocity_x(x,y,z):
...     return pi * cos(pi*x) * sin(pi*y) * sin(pi*z)
>>> def velocity_y(x,y,z):
...     return pi * sin(pi*x) * cos(pi*y) * sin(pi*z)
>>> def velocity_z(x,y,z):
...     return pi * sin(pi*x) * sin(pi*y) * cos(pi*z)
>>> rdd.NP(pressure)
array([ 4.55293100e-05,  4.23149147e-04,  4.96681526e-05,...
>>> rdd.EP((velocity_x, velocity_y, velocity_z))
array([-4.46767360e-03,  3.73876731e-03,  1.82174958e-03,...
>>> rdd.FP((velocity_x, velocity_y, velocity_z))
array([ 0.04649943, -0.03142164, -0.07862941,  0.03226957,...
>>> rdd.VP(pressure)
array([ 0.14087023,  0.17787218, -0.02315247,  0.17787218,...

EP(vector)[source]

Reduce a vector to .

Parameters:

vector (tuple, list) – A vector in to be reduced to .

Returns:

A 1d np.array representing the local coefficients/dofs of the discrete vector.

FP(vector)[source]

Reduce a vector to .

Parameters:

vector (tuple, list) – A vector in to be reduced to .

Returns:

A 1d np.array representing the local coefficients/dofs of the discrete vector.

NP(scalar)[source]

Reduce a scalar to .

Parameters:

scalar (function) – A function in to be reduced to .

Returns:

A 1d np.array representing the local coefficients/dofs of the discrete scalar.

VP(scalar)[source]

Reduce a scalar to .

Parameters:

scalar (function) – A function in to be reduced to .

Returns:

A 1d np.array representing the local coefficients/dofs of the discrete scalar.

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